Propylene carbonate is an organic compound with the formula C₄H₆O₃. It is a cyclic carbonate ester derived from propylene glycol. This colorless and odorless liquid is useful as a polar, aprotic solvent. Propylene carbonate is chiral but is used exclusively as the racemic mixture in most contexts.
In personal care products, propylene carbonate is used in makeup formulations, especially lipsticks, eye shadows and mascara, as well as skin cleansing products. Propylene carbonate is used to dissolve other materials and is often used with clay gluten (such as montmorillonite or bentonite).
Q10 is a nutrient that is naturally produced in the body. Coenzyme Q10 (Co Q10) helps regulate energy production in skin cells and prevents the effects of aging. When low levels of Q10 are produced in the body, the skin becomes weakened and signs of aging appear.
Hyaluronic acid, also called HA, hyaluronan, or hyaluronate for short, is widely available in the form of capsules, skin care products, and injectable products.
Hyaluronate is a natural compound found in the skin and has many functions; Such as retaining moisture, flexibility, helping the tissue to repair, preserving skin factors such as collagen and elastin, and helping to create a protective barrier against microorganisms.
Many cosmetics are based on emulsions. Emulsifiers create a homogeneous mixture between water and oil by changing the surface tension, creating a uniform texture in the product. Emulsifiers include polysorbates, cetyl alcohol, Laureth-4, and potassium cetyl sulfate.
salicylic acid is known as a colorless and odorless organic acid. The structure of salicylic acid makes it easily soluble in oil. Therefore, this acid is so-called fat-soluble. This means that it can penetrate the oily and oily layers of the skin.
This substance is considered a keratolytic agent. Because it is able to penetrate the pores of the skin and remove bacteria and fats accumulated in these areas. Accumulation of bacteria and fat on the skin leads to clogged pores, the spread of blackheads, and acne.
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